EIFL began advocating for open access in Kenya in 2010 when, with our partner, the Kenya Libraries and Information Services Consortium (KLISC), we organized the first-ever open access workshop in the country, at the University of Nairobi.
The workshop was funded by the Open Society Foundations (OSF). It attracted researchers, students, university administrators, journal editors and librarians from institutions across the country. This was the first encounter with open access for many of the workshop participants, and back at their institutions, they began raising awareness about open access, and initiating open access policy and repository development processes.
From 2011 to 2013, working with KLISC, EIFL provided small grants to support open access advocacy and awareness raising campaigns, drafting of open access policies and establishment of open access repositories at Kenyan universities and government research institutions, which also partly funded the projects. These projects resulted in the adoption of open access policies at four institutions, and establishment of open access repositories at 10 institutions.
Between 2013 and 2021, EIFL received funding from SPIDER (the Swedish Programme for ICT in Developing Regions DSV, Department of Computer and System Sciences, Stockholm University), for three projects to work with KLISC to expand open access in Kenya.
In 2022, EIFL partnered with KLISC to build open access publishing capacity at 46 institutions, and to set up management, editorial, administrative and technical processes for sustainable publication of high quality open access journals.
“Open access has made me more visible to my fellow researchers and also to funding bodies that are looking for people working in my area. I have been able to build new relationships. People see my work and they want to collaborate.” - Professor Mary Abukutsa-Onyango, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology
- Raising awareness about open access at Kenyan academic and research institutions, through workshops and campaigns.
- Organizing open access advocacy meetings with leadership and management of government research institutes and universities.
- Setting up open access policy development task forces; supporting drafting and adoption of open access policies.
- Building technical capacity to develop and launch open access repositories and open access journals.
- Auditing and improving open access institutional repositories.
Increased number of open access policies
24 Kenyan universities adopted institutional open access policies, and many more have drafted policies. The policies mandate deposit of all research output, including journal articles, theses and dissertations, in open access repositories.
Increased availability and visibility of Kenyan research output
The amount of research published in open access in Kenya increased year on year. By 2022, over 60%of Kenyan research output was published in open access, according to COKI (Curtin Open Knowledge Initiative) Open Access Dashboard.
- Open access repositories
- 60 universities established institutional open access repositories. The University of Nairobi has the largest repository in Africa: by the beginning of 2023 it had 110,730 publications.
- Most of the repositories have been registered with OpenDOAR (the Directory of Open Access Repositories) and ROAR (the Registry of Open Access Repositories), exposing content to different aggregators and search engines.
- Open access journals
- 31 institutions set up open access journal platforms: Alupe University, Chuka University, Cooperative University of Kenya, Dedan Kimathi University of Technology, Egerton University, Embu University, Jomo Kenyatta University of Agriculture and Technology, Kenya Methodist University, Kenya National Commission for UNESCO, Kenyatta University, Kirinyaga University, Kisii University, Kisumu Polytechnic, Kenya Libraries and Information Services Consortium (KLISC), Lukenya University, Maasai Mara University, Machakos University, Maseno University, Masinde Muliro University, Meru University of Science and Technology, Moi University, Mount Kenya University, National Authority for the Campaign Against Alcohol and Drug Abuse (NACADA), Pwani University, Rongo University, Strathmore University, Technical University of Mombasa, Tom Mboya University, University of Eldoret, University of Kabianga, University of Nairobi.
Built technical capacity to manage and maintain open access repositories and open access journals
- Open access repositories
- Existing repositories have been improved to increase visibility and discoverability of content, enhance user experiences, and ensure that back-up procedures and disaster recovery plans are in place.
- Librarians, who are repository managers, and librarians and IT officers, who are repository administrators, have been trained in topics such as DSpace repository set-up and enhancements, policy administration, metadata standards and managing submissions workflows.
- Repositories enabled persistent identifiers, which play a key role in discoverability, accessibility and reproducibility of research.
- They enabled OAI-PMH, which allows communication between servers globally and interoperability with other repositories to exchange metadata of content.
- Adapted interfaces improve the user experience on mobile devices such as smartphones and tablets.
- KLISC is providing open access repository services that offer on-demand support for repository managers and administrators
- Open access journals
- Research directors, journal editorial boards, researchers, ICT personnel and librarians have been trained in open science practices, open access journal policies, open access publishing (including editorial processes, peer review and workflows), setting up, customizing and managing Open Journal Systems software.
FIND OUT MORE
- Watch the video: Sharing knowledge and saving lives - one doctor's story.
- Watch the video: University of Nairobi opens up their research to the world.
- Read our case study, Opening Up East African Research to the World. Seven years of EIFL’s work in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda (based on a feature article published in EIFL's 2017 Annual Report).